When and how did our earliest ancestors start hunting for the meat they ate?
Until quite recently most scholars thought that, until about 400,000 years ago, they scavenged the leftovers of other predators, or animals that had died of natural causes. However, anthropologist Professor Henry Bunn of Wisconsin University now claims that early humans were using complex hunting techniques to ambush and kill antelopes, gazelles, wildebeest and other large animals nearly two million years ago.
These ancient hunters would have been about the size of chimpanzees with brains that were not much larger. Although primitive and puny, Professor Bunn believes that they had learnt to select and isolate individual animals from a herd of antelopes and bring their prey home for dinner.
Professor Bunn and his team examined the remains of wildebeest, antelopes and gazelles at a huge butchery site in the Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, which had been brought there by ancient humans over 1.8 million years ago.
Studying the teeth in the skulls that were left gave them a very good idea of the type of meat being eaten and the age of the animals. Then they compared their findings with the kinds of animals taken by lions and leopards.The research showed that when selecting large antelopes, humans preferred adult male animals in their prime, whereas lions and leopards take old, young and adults indiscriminately. For smaller species, the picture was slightly different. Humans preferred older animals, while the big cats go after adults in their prime.
As well as the differences in preferences for types of prey, there was other evidence to suggest that these humans hunted and did not rely on carrion. There were plenty of bones from choice parts of the prey that lions and leopards would be unlikely to leave behind willingly.
So how did they hunt? Professor Bunn believes these early hunters probably sat in trees and waited until herds of antelopes or gazelles passed below, they then speared them at point-blank range. They carried them back to the butchery site and used stone tools to skin and strip the meat and smash open the bones for marrow.
Some scientists believe that hunting skills, developed far earlier than suspected, helped our brains evolve faster. Hunting gave our species a larger supply of meat than they could obtain through scavenging. With an abundant protein-rich source of energy, our ancestors no longer needed a huge digestive tract and massive teeth for processing vegetation. This freed up more energy to fuel the growth of our brains and develop evermore sophisticated social skills needed for working together to hunt animals that are larger and faster than humans.
By Celine Castelino - Archeologist
This past weekend, I had the pleasure to shoot Helice or ZZ birds at the Smokin Gun’s brand new ring in Mesquite, NV. If you’re not familiar with Helice, it is a very exciting shotgun game. The “targets” consist of an orange plastic propeller with a white dome. The dome is called the “witness”. When the target is hit properly, the witness separates from the propeller. It must then fall inside the shooting area that is bound by a short fence. The speed of the spinning targets we shot was 5100 rpm and 6000 rpm.
A normal course of fire is a 30-bird event. Each shooter attempts five (5) targets, then the next shooter shoots his five and so on. Starting at the 24-yard line, once a shooter scores a perfect 5 out of 5, he then “slides” back one yard. You wouldn’t think moving back 3-feet would make a difference, but it can.
Joining me was Neal Johnson, George Marnell, John Zambetti, Guy Martin and 15-year-old Travis Martin. Neal and I have shot Helice together for years… the rest enjoyed their first time. Marnell started off like a house of fire scoring his first eleven (11) targets as dead. Having run the first two rounds, he had slid back to the 26-yard line. After his 11th target, he missed the next four (4).
Youngster Travis ended up beating the rest of us with a spectacular first time score of 26 out of 30. The rest of us… we’ll we had so much fun we shot another 20 birds.
As with any shotgun shooting, the ammo really makes a difference. As the Helice rules limit the load to 1 oz., Fiocchi offers our 12SCRN75 (Super Crusher Nickel Shot) for ZZ birds. The Fiocchi Crusher (12CRSR75) also worked extremely well.
For giggles and grins, I used the Fiocchi 12CPTR8 (Interceptor Spreader) on the first shot for one round. I did kill three (3) out of five targets however the ones I didn’t score were on edge. Fiocchi doesn’t recommend this load for Helice… we’ll discuss the proper application in another report.
For more information, please go to www.fiocchiusa.com , www.ushelice.com , and www.thesmokingunclub.com . Thanks again to Jason, Karrie, Connie, Nate, Mike, and everyone at the Smokin Gun for a great day!!! #fiocchi @fiocchi_ammunition
Sporting Clays is one of the fastest growing shooting sports in the world. It has the excitement of hunting with the advantage of reliable targets. Sporting Clays courses are set in natural settings to simulate the hunting of grouse, ducks, pheasants, quail, woodcock and even rabbits. Courses are designed to take advantage of the lay of the land.
The advantage of shooting at targets from unspecified angles and presentations has long been recognized as a better way to prepare for hunting than sports that present targets from known locations at the same angles and speeds.
Sporting Clays requires starting from a "low gun" position. The butt of the gun has to be below the shoulder while waiting for the release of the targets. That is closer to a hunting position than having the gun mounted in preparation for the target.
Targets are released singly or in pairs, with "true pairs", "report pairs" and "following pairs. True pairs are two targets launched at the same time. Report pairs are two targets where the second target is launched at the sound of the gun firing at the first target. Following pairs are where the second target is launched at the officials discretion after the first target. Sporting clays uses four different sized targets. The Standard 108mm target, midi targets that are 90mm, and mini targets that are 60mm. There is also a rabbit target with a reinforced edge.
Most Sporting Clays courses have 10 to 15 stations. People can go through the stations as singles, but groups are more common. Targets are often presented once so that people will know where the targets are coming from and can plan their shot. About six to ten targets are presented at each station. One course of shooting is usually 100 targets, but 50 target courses are also common. Shooters are required to wear ear and eye protection.
Any shotgun that can fire two shots is usable for Sporting Clays. Over/under shotguns and semi-autos are the favorites, but people can do well with pumps. Shotguns that have two barrels offer an instant choice of chokes. It is easy to retain your hulls from double barrel guns. Autoloaders can soften recoil. Most shooters use 12 or 20 gauge guns, but smaller gauges are acceptable. 12 gauge shells are limited to 1 1/8 ounce loads, 20 guage to 7/8 ounce loads. The most common shot sizes are 7 1/2 and 8 shot. Larger shot sizes are often forbidden, to prevent overshooting of shot fall zones. Fiocchi 7.5 Sporting Dynamics loads are a popular choice.
If you are looking for a way to sharpen your shooting skills for the field, to have a good time shooting without hunting, or to compete, Sporting Clays may be the answer.
Greetings!!! This week, we’re going to highlight “felt recoil”. Recoil effects your shooting in several ways. For me, excessive recoil causes my head to rise off the comb of the stock, thus I will shoot over the top of the target. It also causes fatigue and shortens my shooting day. There is also additional muzzle rise that extends the time to acquire the second bird in a pair.
As we know, recoil is an unavoidable evil in shooting however there are ways it can be reduced. For you folks that shoot an over / under shotgun, there are several recoil reduction systems on the market. Semi-automatic shotguns thru their operation can reduce recoil and there are attachments that can be used as well.
The quickest and easiest way to solve this challenge is using ammunition that is designed to result in less felt recoil while still provide exceptional performance. That ammo is Fiocchi.
For the recreational shooter or competitive shooter in practice sessions, the Shooting Dynamics line of products is right for you. Whether 1 oz. 1170 fps, 1200 fps, or 1250 fps, these loads really destroy targets without beating you up. The Shooting Dynamics line also offers 1 1/8 oz. loads at 1165 fps, 1200 fps, and 1250 fps. No one wants to stop shooting because there are tired.
When it’s time for the tournament, we recommend our Exacta line. These loads utilize superior components that just like their relative, the Shooting Dynamics, have the same attention to reducing recoil. Either the 1 oz. 1250 fps Little Rino or the 1 1/8 oz. 1250 fps White Rino, meets the task. These loads are used by the top shooters such as Anthony Matarese Jr. (reigning World English Sporting Clays Champion) or Diane Sorantino who has more National and World Titles than I can count.
To sum it up, if you want superior performance and less felt recoil, give the Shooting Dynamics or Exacta line shells a try. Ask your local range or retailer for the best shotgun ammo, Fiocchi. For more information, go to www.fiocchiusa.com .
Defending Your Home
Security lights, upgraded locks, valuables put away and alarm system installed you’ve made your home a hard target. Although these steps deter and slow break-ins they don’t stop them. According to the FBI more than 4,300 burglaries happened per day in 2015 (FBI, 2017). This alarming statistic was actually a reduction from previous years. Unfortunately, we must be prepared to defend ourselves and our loved ones within our homes.
Having a plan that is clearly understood by all members of the family is crucial. What that plan is and how it is formed depends partially on the tools you plan to use. Handgun, Shotgun, Carbine, or pistol-caliber carbines (PCC), they each have their merits and drawbacks. This article does not cover all angles, but is meant to help initiate thoughts and consideration when making your choice.
Handgun: The smallest and most portable of the options. Handguns are the least-powerful option; a compromise we make for portability and concealability. Handguns are easy to control and store. Unlike selecting a handgun for daily carry a house gun doesn’t need to be small. Full-sized handguns offer more capacity and easier controllability. Maneuverability is also an advantage with a handgun though the shorter sight radius can reduce accuracy.
Shotgun: Shotguns offer the largest selection of ammunition choices and reliable models can be purchased for less than other options. The very nature of scatterguns that makes it easy to hit a target with devastating force also makes it possible to have projectiles miss the target and head elsewhere in the house. Length hampers maneuverability and magazine capacity is limited.
Carbine: High-power and high capacity is an attraction to carbines, but that same power can easily mean over-penetrating hits and misses that can rip through walls and harm loved-ones in another room or even neighbors. Liability is a huge risk with carbine use.
Pistol-Caliber Carbines: The resurgence of the pistol-caliber carbine has been with many good reasons. PCCs offer the control and capacity of a standard carbine, but in a handgun caliber which generally costs less to practice with than a standard carbine. With a pistol caliber, such as 9mm or .45acp, ammunition variety goes up along with controllability while recoil goes down.
Whatever your choice of tool, the paramount variable is ammunition selection. With luck, you won’t have to fire a single round in self-defense, but if you do it needs to be reliable and safe. Practice with ammunition similar in performance to your defensive ammunition and practice often.
“Graham Baates” is a pen name used by a 15-year active Army veteran who spent most of his time in the tactical side of the Intelligence community including tours in Afghanistan and Iraq. Post-Army Graham spent some time in the 3-Gun circuit before becoming a full-time NRA Certified defensive handgun instructor and now works as an industry writer while curating a YouTube channel and blog on the side. Visit Graham on.
High birds are the quintessential expression of the wing shooting art, demanding mental discipline, masterful technique, specialized equipment and humility. The high curling bird is the most difficult game bird shot and one great shot is more rewarding than a dozen straight-aways. This recognition drenched my mind as I stepped into the shooter’s cage to begin a European-style pheasant shoot at Oak Creek Sporting Clays Club in Brainard, Nebraska. Oak Creek is a full-service shooting club, boasting two sporting clays courses, skeet, trap and a rifle/handgun range.
It was a perfect morning to uncase the shotgun and prepare for a luscious dinner. The weather was temperate, the sky a pale blue slab dotted with cotton-candy clouds. The meticulously orchestrated shoot featured ten shooting stations arranged in a circle of a quarter mile in diameter with a tower in the center from which the birds would be released. About twenty guns attended the event. Each shooter or pair of guns shot for ten minutes at each station and then, at the sounding of the traditional hunter’s horn, rotated to the next, giving each participant the benefits of the best positions.
Thick stands of sixty-foot hardwood and pine trees obscured the release of the birds, which did not become visible until high overhead. While some pheasant flew low like missiles, most pheasant went high, some to cloud-tickling altitudes. The birds were challenging, with perhaps fifty percent flying past the guns unscathed.
Birds were immediately retrieved by ardent dogs, leaping through brush and foliage like porpoises over waves, their tails wagging like a musician’s metronome. In my gorgeous Beretta SO 3 EEL I shot Fiocchi Golden Pheasant loads with number 6 shot. A well-place shot dropped the bird like an anchor. Closing my eyes and opening my imagination, visions of the great Edwardian shoots at Elveden, Holkham and Sandringham flooded my mind. This European format event was set up by Terry Kriz, an owner of the club and a wonderful man who has become a dear friend. Oak Creek did this shoot right.
Please visit the facility on the web and, better yet, in person. http://www.oak-creek-club.com/
Michael Sabbeth is a lawyer and writer in Denver, Colorado. See his book The Good, The Bad & The Difference: How to Talk with Children About Values. Available at Amazon.com http://tinyurl.com/c5flmmu
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